Headache is the symptom of pain anywhere in the region of the head or the neck. There are different types of headache but four major types has been identified; sinus, cluster, tension and migraine. Knowing the kind of headache you have can help you find the best way to treat it. Tension headaches are the most common type of headache. Usually, they are not as painful as other headaches, but they can last for hours or even days.
Migraines may be genetically linked, although researchers are not certain exactly what causes migraines. Migraines cause throbbing pain accompanied by severe nausea and possible vomiting. Cluster headaches are one of the most painful headaches, with intense pain around your eye area (usually on one side of your head). They can also involve drooping eyelids, nasal discharge and watery eyes. headaches are usually caused by an infection and inflammation of the nasal passages. That leads to congestion. And that causes pain and pressure in the forehead and behind the cheekbones.
Most headaches are tension induced and are not harmful, even though they’re painful and can prevent you from fulfilling your tasks. Consult a doctor for proper diagnosis If you experience frequent or severe headaches that won’t respond to analgesics. There’s a wide variety of possible causes, which is why it’s so important to seek further treatment if your headache issue doesn’t resolve.
Here are some tips for treating headaches;
DRINK PLENTY OF WATER
Dehydration can lead to a headache, especially if you’ve vomited recently or you’re hungover. Drink a tall glass of water as soon as your head starts to hurt, and try to continue drinking small sips throughout the day. Drink at least 3 litres of water daily and do not drink water that is too cold as it might trigger migraines. You may gradually feel the pain start to ease.
FIND A QUIET PLACE TO RELAX AND PRACTICE RELAXATION TECHNIQUES
Try to lie down and relax for at least 30 minutes. Shut the blinds, turn off the lights, and focus on your breathing.This sensory reduction can help you relax and heal.
People around the world use different tricks to distract themselves from pain. If you find yourself down with headache, try these tricks; meditation, prayer, visualization and listening to binaural beats.
PRACTICE PROGRESSIVE MUSCLE RELAXATION
Progressive muscle relaxation can help ease headache pain. Yoga can also help to relieve the pain. Lie down in a comfortable position. Close your eyes and breathe deeply.
Beginning at your forehead, tense all the muscles in a specific group for five seconds. Relax the muscles and focus on the feeling of release that you experience in your muscles.
Move to the next group of muscles. Muscle groups to tense and relax include: forehead, eyes and nose, lips-cheeks-jaw, hands, arms, shoulders, back, stomach, hips and buttocks, thighs, feet and toes.
USE A COOL COMPRESS
Placing something soft and cool over your forehead and eyes can help the blood vessels constrict, which will reduce inflammation and may ease your headache pain. This works particularly well if the problem is concentrated in your temples or sinuses. Wet a washcloth with cool water and place it over your forehead. Refresh it as soon as it starts to feel warm.
If your headache is a tension headache, such as one caused by stress, anxiety, or sore muscles, a hot shower or warm compress may help relieve the pain more effectively than a cold compress.
Massage your your neck and shoulder and also massage face and scalp. Particularly if you suffer from tension headaches, massage can help improve circulation and relieve tension, which will help relieve the pain of your headache. Tension headaches can be caused by a variety of things, from poor posture to jaw clenching to strained muscles. Anxiety and depression may also trigger tension headaches.
TAKE OVER THE COUNTER PAIN RELIEVER
Most painkillers won’t kick in for about 1-2 hours, so take a dose as soon as you start feeling the headache coming on. Earlier treatment is always better to address a headache. Even if you’re already in the depths of misery, a quick dose of ibuprofen, acetaminophen, naproxen, aspirin or even a capsaicin nasal spray can take the edge off. Be careful not to take medications daily unless advised by doctor.
It is important that you know when to seek medical assistance immediately. If your headache includes other symptoms, it may be a sign of a more severe condition, such as stroke, encephalitis, or meningitis.