Irregular periods can be frustrating and annoying. If you have ever experienced irregular periods, you will understand how frustrating it is to experience your period twice in a month. You begin to wonder if you are pregnant when you period is missing. Changes in menstrual flow are annoying and stressful sometimes, but they are not entirely useless. Irregular periods are a big sign that something is not right. You do not have to panic.
The monthly menstrual cycle typically occurs every 28 days, it is controlled by various hormones and it is an important function of the female body. Period starts around 11-12 years of age, lasts for 2-7 days until menopause which is around 51 years of age. Ovulation is an important part of the menstrual cycle. It occurs around day 14 when an ovarian follicle produces an egg, which can be fertilized by sperm. The egg is available to be fertilized for 24 hours before it disintegrates. Your period starts once you have ovulated which is typically 14 days later.
After a long time of menstruating, you get into a period flow which is why an irregular period is usually defined as any type of bleeding that’s abnormal when compared to your last few menstrual cycles. Irregularities can include scant bleeding to extremely heavy bleeding, absence of period (amenorrhea) or two periods in a month (metrorrhagia) and late period to early bleeding. Two periods in one month, four times a month, can be as a result of imbalance in estrogen and progesterone and may require a medical check up since this can induce anemia.
It is important to know the causes of irregular periods. Here are few common causes of irregularities in periods.
The kind of food you eat is a common reason for a late or missing period, the weight you are carrying. If you are eating unhealthy or gain weight, your body will produce certain levels of certain hormones, shifting when you ovulate. If you also menstruate as you lose weight, you will experience same. To maintain a regular cycle, body fat percentage needs to be at least 17-22 percent.
BIRTH CONTROL PILLS
It may take several months to get used to the dose of hormones birth control pills deliver. One of the side effect of a low dose birth control pills is a light or non-existent period. When some stop taking the pill, their periods may take one or two months to return to normal.
The birth control pill doesn’t cause you to have amenorrhea, says a pro. It may be once you are off the pill you may find you have an underlying hormonal problem that was masked by taking the birth control pill. If this is the case, visit your healthcare provider.
Stress is the most common cause of irregular periods. Cortisol is the stress hormone and it has a direct impact on how much estrogen and progesterone, two sex hormones the body produces. The time and flow of your circle could change, if there is too much cortisol in your bloodstream.
If a woman is under a great deal of stress, either physical or emotional she is likely to experience irregularities in her menstrual flow.
Our body needs energy to menstruate. If you are burning too much of your energy doing exercise, there will be not much left for your body to use while menstruating. Excessive exercise and drastic weight changes can decrease the body fat, causing hormonal drop which contributes to irregular period.
Most medications interfere with the way your body produces estrogen and progesterone. Taking prescription while you are sick may cause your period to show up a day or two late.
Medications such as aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, birth control pills, nexplanon, thyroid medication can affect your menstrual cycle.
pregnancy stops the menstrual period; a period occurs when a prepared uterine lining fails to implant a fertilized egg. There is nothing like menstruating during pregnancy. Bleeding during pregnancy is not normal and should be investigated.
When you get your period monthly, it means your hormones are balanced. Visit your healthcare provider for available treatments, If you are having irregular periods. If something doesn’t feel right do not hold on to it, ask for help.